Policy and Guidelines on the Reproduction of Copyrighted Materials
for Teaching and Research
the course of their duties, faculty and staff of the University
of California may wish to use photocopied materials in the classroom
and for research. In many cases, photocopying can facilitate the
University's missions of teaching, research, and public service.
The University therefore wishes to encourage the appropriate use
of such material within the spirit and the letter of the United
States Copyright Law. (Title 17 United State Code).
is a constitutionally conceived property right which is designed
to promote the creation and dissemination of original works of authorship.
That purpose is implemented by giving a copyright owner certain
exclusive rights with respect to the owner's work, subject to certain
limitations, in the mutual interest of the author, the owner, and
the public. These rights include exclusive rights of reproduction,
preparation of derivative works, distribution, and performance.
The University strongly believes that these rights are vital in
maintaining a free flow of ideas in our society.
major limitation on the exclusive rights granted to the copyright
owner is the doctrine of "fair use" (17 United States Code, Section
107) which permits certain limited copying of copyrighted works
for educational or research purposes without the permission of the
copyright owner. "Fair use" is a limited exception to the exclusive
use of the copyright owner, which if exceeded, can subject the one
making unauthorized copies and the University to severe penalties.
The wide availability of copying machines has created a situation
where this exception can easily be breached.
provide guidance to all University employees, the attached Guidelines
are to be used to determine whether copying is within the "fair
use" doctrine. If the copying is not within the Guidelines, permission
should be obtained from the copyright owner before any copies are
made. If it is unclear whether copying would require such permission
guidance should be requested from the Office of the General Counsel.
is important that this Policy and Guidelines be widely distributed
so that the numerous users of photocopied materials in the University
will be aware of the Copyright Law.